I have been the happy owner of a Roland VS-2400CD digital recorder studio since 2003. It is an all-in-one digital audio workstation. It has served me very well, with its 8 built-in mic preamps, 24 bit / 96 khZ DACs, hard drive, motorized faders, keyboard / mouse / VGA connections, you name it, it has got it.
Except for one glaring omission : any kind of computer connection. The Roland VS-2400CD has no USB port, not even USB 1.0 . There is an R-BUS connection. This is a proprietary Roland interface, which can only export 8 tracks at a time rather than the VS-2400CD 24 tracks and 384 V-tracks, and it can do so at no more than 1x speed, and it depends on having an R-BUS interface card in the computer. The Roland RPC-1 PCI card was discontinued a long time ago. I bought one used on ebay, and the driver was a disaster under Windows 7 64-bit - it killed all power management - I could no longer put the cmoputer to sleep. So I resold the card. Also, PCI slots are disappearing in newer computers, in favor of PCI-express. There is a V-Fire Firewire R-BUS interface. Unfortunately, it doesn't support Windows 64-bit, which I currently use. And the product has been "end of-lifed". My computer didn't come with a Firewire interface also. Many don't, though this can usually be remedied via an add-on card. I do have a PCI add-on card that provides Firewire, among other things. Unlike its big brother, the VS-2480, the VS-2400 does not have a SCSI interface, which rules out connecting SCSI hard disks - also rare beasts nowadays.
In fact, the only reliable way to export data to the computer until now has been to burn projects or tracks as WAV files to CD-R or CD-RW media. This is an excruciatingly slow process, as the VS-2400CD only burns at 4x speed, regardless of the media, and even if you install a faster CD burner in the machine, which I have previously tried.
I finally had enough with the VS-2400CD and started looking for a better solution to the PC data exchange problem. I'm happy to report that I was able to resolve the issue. The goal of this modification is to add a very fast eSATA port to the VS-2400CD so that modern external SATA hard drives can be connected, as well as potentially SATA card readers or SATA SSDs.
I bought many adapters, and spent much of the last month testing. There are the parts I recommend :
- A Kingwin SATA to IDE converter, model ADP-06, which costs about $10 online. I actually found this at Micro Center on closeout for $6.99 . This adapter comes with the Molex power adapter you need to power it directly from the VS-2400CD power supply. It also has a male 40-pin IDE connector, the same one found on the back of an IDE hard drive, so you can use the same IDE cable to connect it to the VS-2400CD motherboard. And finally, it supports UltraDMA speeds, which is required to work with the VS-2400CD.
- A BYTECC SATA male to SATA male adapter, model SATA-180MM, which costs about $4. This is a very rare adapter. Even in Silicon Valley, I couldn't find it locally anywhere. I had to order it from Newegg.
- A Kingwin eSATA PCI bracket , which costs $5 . I had one of these one lying around, it came with an eSATA enclosure. Mine was single port. This item is not common at retail stores. If you are in the SF Bay Area, Central Computers carries an eSATA bracket. It doesn't matter how many ports the bracket has, as only one will be used, and will be unscrewed from the bracket.
- A Thermalake BlacX ST0005U eSATA dock for 2.5/3.5 SATA drives, which costs $32. It comes with the eSATA cable you will need. It has no fan, which is very nice when recording. It has a cover door, so 2.5" drives aren't loose. The drive is still exposed, however, so this is not ideal for gigs. Finally, the dock supports both eSATA and USB 2.0. Most computers don't come with eSATA ports, but have USB 2.0 ports, which comes in handy for transferring the data to your computer. You could probably use any good eSATA+USB enclosure instead as long as it only supports one SATA drive, has only one eSATA port, and has no other gizmos like built-in card readers. I also looked for 2.5 eSATA enclosures, but couldn't find any that had a power supply for the drive. If you are really strapped for cash, it should be noted that there are less expensive eSATA/USB enclosures, in the $20 range, from Kingwin and Unitek, but they aren't as nice as the Thermalake.
- A SATA hard drive, either 2.5" or 3.5". The ideal capacity is 120GB, as that is the maximum the VS-2400CD will recognize. I tried a Western Digital Scorpio Blue 2.5" 120 GB SATA hard drive and it worked fine. I also verified that other hard drives are recognized. Seagate 3.5" 1.5 TB and 2 TB SATA drives also work, but only the first 120 GB of them can be used, so it is a waste. The actual hard drive I ended up using is a Western Digital WD1600 160GB SATA hard drive, which I got for $15 off Craigslist. Low capacity hard drives are hard to come by as new these days, so craigslist is probably your best bet. You can find some new laptop drives in the 100-200 GB range, but they don't come cheap due to their small size.
You will need the following tools and other supplies :
- A Philips screwdriver.
- A smaller cross screwdriver.
- A drill.
- A metal drill bit.
- Open the VS-2400CD case and set it in the upright position
- Disconnect the IDE cable from the the built-in IDE hard drive
- Disconnect the Molex power cable from the built-in IDE hard drive
- Connect the available end of the IDE cable to the male IDE connector on the SATA bridge
- Connect the Molex power supply cable to the power connector SATA bridge
- Carefully "cicumsize" one end of the SATA male-male adapter. This means removing the plastic around the connector, so that you will be able to plug it into the SATA bridge. You can use small scissors such as nail scissors. The pieces of plastic will snap right off. You will also need to very slightly cut the plastic on the SATA female connector on the bridge. You will notice that this connection is loose. This is normal and we will resolve this later.
- Plug the SATA female cable from the eSATA bracket into the virgin end of the SATA male to male connector.
- Plug the eSATA dock into the eSATA bracket using the provided eSATA cable.
- Insert the SATA hard drive into the hard drive dock.
- Turn on the dock.
- Turn on the VS-2400CD.
- If you did everything correctly, it will complain about "Not any formatted drives". Use the function keys to let it format it.
- Restart the VS-2400CD after the format is complete.
- Verify that the VS-2400CD is working properly with the new hard drive. You are half-way done !
- Turn off both the VS-2400CD and the SATA dock.
- Disconnect the SATA male to male adapter from the bridge.
- Apply a very small amount of superglue to the side of the SATA female connector on the bridge. Make sure not to touch the contacts.
- Plug the SATA male to male adapter back into the bridge and wait a little bit. There should now be a tight fit.
- Disconnect the eSATA bracket from both the bridge and the dock.
- Using the small screwdriver, unscrew the eSATA connector from the bracket.
- Using a pencil, mark a hole the size of the eSATA connector in the front of the VS-2400CD case, next to the CD burner,
- Using a drill and a metal drill bit, carefully cut this hole.
- Using the small screwdriver, screw the eSATA connector to the hole in the VS-2400CD case.
- Plug the SATA cable back into the glued adapter on the bridge.
- Plug the SATA dock in the new eSATA connector in the VS-2400CD.
- Turn on both the dock and the VS-2400CD, in that order.
- Verify that everything still works and that the VS-2400CD boots up correctly, and sees the SATA drive.
- Unscrew and remove the drive tray that's holding the IDE hard drive.
- Close the VS-2400CD. You are now done !
Here is a picture of what it looks like :
In a future blog post, I will explain how to take full advantage of this hardware modification, and transfer your VS-2400CD projects to your PC .